Nihang - ਨਿਹੰਗ
The Nihangs are protectors and defenders of the Sikh faith. They are also known as Akalis. The terminology Akali is derived from Akaal Purakh, the timeless One Creator. Akali also means the immortal Servants of God. A Nihang is the one who is without desire and ego. The Nihangs have fought all their lives for the maintenance of the Sikh faith against oppression and tyranny on the front line of the Sikh military. Everyone who lives without fear is called a Nihang. The word Nihang derives from persian and means crocodile, among additional meanings. During the invasion of the islamic Mughals, they said about the Nihangs that they fought as fearless and strong as crocodiles.
The Nihangs are known for their excellent Sikh martial arts, Gatka. They are marvellously trained in sword fighting and horsemanship. They have a special spiritual and military expertise. They are characterized by their dark blue clothing known as Bana. Their artistic Dumalla is called Chand Tora Dumalla. "Du" means two and the word "Malla" - cloth, fabric. These especially beautifully wrapped Turbans (Dastar) have been worn by the Nihang Singhs since their creation. They tie the Dumalla, which is about 30 cm high. Some selected Nihangs are awarded with a Farla, which is the highest award for a Nihang and represents the rank of a General of the timeless, immortal army of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaj. The traditions of the Nihang Singhs have changed very little during the last 300 years. The origin of the Akaal Sena of the Budha Dal traces back to the time of the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev Ji. The fifth Sikh Guru has given Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji the order to establish the Akaal Sena in order to build a defensive army to protect the Sikh faith and the common population which was highly suppressed and exploited by the Moguls. The Nihangs always fought to uphold and protect Truth, (Sat) and Righteousness (Dharam). The Nihang Army was founded and deployed by the Tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaj in its accomplished form to defend the oppressed and defenseless. The Nihangs fought fearlessly to defend the fundamental human rights and values, as well as to protect the Sikh Gurudwaras and the freedom of religion. During that time, large parts of the Sikh population were drastically decimated by the invading Moguls. The concept of the Sant Sipahi, the Saint Warrior, was already manifested by the sixth Nanak, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji Maharaj. The Nihangs live a simple, disciplined, spiritual-religious life in prayer, focused on Guru and God, which is one form manifested in the Holy Granths. These three important Granths are forming the complete entity of the foundation of the Sikh faith and its philosophy of Shant, Prem and Bir Ras (peace, love and the warrior spirit). The Nihangs are following the Nihang Rehat, which is similar to the Khalsa Rehat, but has additional Sikh prayers and instructions. The Nihang Singhs are independent and they look after their livelihood. They are the supporting pillars for the protection and preservation of the Sikh religion. Nihang Singhs are not attached to worldly matter. Nihang Singhs always carry weapons with them, such as the Chakar, throwing disc, different kind of Swords and Kirpan, a Khanda, a special double-edged sword. On the metaphysically level, the Nihang Singhs are representing the weapons of the Tenth King, Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaj. Although they are regarded as Sant Sipahi, they are a symbol for world peace. The Nihangs use coded words and terminology in their language that they used in the Sikh Misl armies. The Nihangs worship three Granths:
1. Sri Aad Guru Granth Sahib Ji
2. Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji
3. Sri Sarbloh Granth Sahib Ji
In the Panth Parkash, Giani Gian Singh Ji states:"See the Aad, Dasam and Sarbloh Granth in One Light."
ਨਿਰਭਉ ਹੋਇਓ ਭਇਆ ਨਿਹੰਗਾ ॥
Being fearless, he becomes a Nihang (a bold and daring person).
(SGGS, Ang 392)
Im Panth Parkash steht geschrieben: